Setting up a server for Linux and Windows PXE network booting on CentOS / RHEL
PXE itself stands for “Pre-boot eXecution Environment”, which describes how it works in the sense that the clients using it haven’t booted in a traditional manner.
In order to use PXE you need to setup a boot-server which will allow client systems to :
- Request an IP address (via DHCP)
- Download a kernel (via TFTP)
With both of these services in place any system which supports PXE/network-booting (you might need to enable it in the BIOS) should be able to gain an IP address, fetch a kernel, and boot without an installed operating system.
In order to accomplish a Linux + Windows PXE environment we need the following;
- A DCHP and TFTP server (either on Linux or Windows). This guide describes how to use DCHP on Linux or a DD-WRT based router for DCHP and TFTP on Linux.
- To boot Linux;
- Configuring PXE TFTP requirements using pxeos (part of RHEL based distribution).
- Optionally; setup a local mirror for your Linux distribution (see my post “Setup local CentOS mirror” on how to do this). You can just as well use an existing remote mirror, but local of course would be faster.
- To boot Windows;
- Configuring PXE TFTP requirements using Unattended (this also gives you a little extra of being able to setup Windows unattended really easy).
- Installing & configuring SMB for storing the Windows setup files.
This guide assumes a CentOS 5 i386 installation as the PXE server. You probably would be able to do the same on any other distro using some modifications.
yum install tftp-server
Installed: tftp-server.i386 0:0.42-3.1.el5.centos
disable = yes
service xinetd restart
Check if tftp is running: netstat -an | fgrep -w 69
Run this to configure the TFTP server and download the necessary files.
pxeos -a -i “CentOS 5 i386” -p HTTP -D 0 -s archive.cs.uu.nl -L /mirror/Linux/centos/5/os/i386/ centos-5-i386
For some reason pxeos (system-config-netboot) is not included in CentOS 5. You can get the 4 RPM, it works fine;
rpm -i system-config-netboot-0.1.40-1_EL4.i386.rpm
pxeos -a -i “CentOS 5 i386” -p HTTP -D 0 -s ftp.belnet.be -L /mirror/ftp.centos.org/5/os/i386/ centos-5-i386
pxeos -a -i “CentOS 5 x86_64” -p HTTP -D 0 -s ftp.belnet.be -L /mirror/ftp.centos.org/5/os/x86_64/ centos-5-x86_64
pxeos -a -i “CentOS 4 i386” -p HTTP -D 0 -s ftp.belnet.be -L /mirror/ftp.centos.org/4/os/i386/ centos-4-i386
pxeos -a -i “CentOS 4 x86_64” -p HTTP -D 0 -s ftp.belnet.be -L /mirror/ftp.centos.org/4/os/x86_64/ centos-4-x86_64
pxeos -a -i “Fedora 8 i386” -p HTTP -D 0 -s ftp.belnet.be -L /mirror/download.fedora.redhat.com/linux/releases/8/Fedora/i386/os/ fedora-8-i386
pxeos -a -i “Fedora 8 x86_64” -p HTTP -D 0 -s ftp.belnet.be -L /mirror/download.fedora.redhat.com/linux/releases/8/Fedora/x86_64/os/ fedora-8-x86_64
If you own a Router which can handle the dd-wrt firmware you don’t have to disable the dhcp service in the router. Just open the ‘Administration’->’Services’ tab and enable ‘DNSMasq’ and in the ‘Additional DNS Options’ input field enter ‘dhcp-boot=pxelinux.0,tfptd-hostname,tftpd-ip‘. Replace tfptd-hostname with the hostname of your tftpd machine and tftpd-ip with the ip-address of you tfptd. Thats all.